Summer can bring many happy memories—family vacations, summer camp, days at the shore, staying up late and watching the sun set. No matter what your summer traditions include, be sure to keep in mind your heart and brain health throughout the longer daylight hours.
According to the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association, heart disease and stroke remain the No. 1 and No. 5 causes, respectively, of death in the U.S., yet 80 percent of these diseases are preventable with simple lifestyle modifications, such as healthy eating and regular exercise.
Summer is the perfect time to enjoy heart-healthy seasonal produce and to add physical activity to your daily routine. Remember to take precautions when spending time by the water and when exercising in the heat.
Here are the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association’s top 10 tips for a heart-healthy summer:
Days by the pool and ocean can be fun, but always be prepared for the unthinkable. Hands-Only CPR has only two steps: If you see a teen or adult suddenly collapse, call 911, and press hard and fast in the center of the chest.
Take advantage of fresh seasonal veggies. Load up skewers with mushrooms, peppers, cherry tomatoes, zucchini, yellow squash or other veggies. Spray lightly with olive oil cooking spray and grill until lightly blackened.
Plan your workout for the cooler parts of the day—either early morning or early evening when the sun’s radiation is at its lowest levels. If you must exercise during the hottest part of the day or in high humidity, decrease exercise intensity and duration. And remember, you can get a great workout indoors by going to a gym or walking at the mall.
Wear clothing that allows for quick evaporation of sweat. Choose lightweight, light-colored and breathable fabrics, such as cotton.
Drink plenty of fluids (preferably water) throughout the day and before, during and after working out to maintain your salt-water balance. Avoid caffeine and alcoholic beverages.
When taking a family road trip, plan to incorporate regular physical activity into your daily routine. Pack a football, soccer ball, Frisbee or paddle ball so that you can be physically active while away.
Homemade freezer pops are an easy, fun treat for kids to make and enjoy. Mash up fruit like peaches, grapes, berries or watermelon and put into paper cups, insert an ice pop stick and freeze overnight.
Wear wide-brimmed hats, always wear water-resistant sunscreen with at least SPF 15 and reapply sunscreen every two hours.
When the heat gets unbearable, try indoor activities at your local YMCA or rec center like basketball, swimming, yoga or racquetball.
Symptoms of heat exhaustion:
• heavy sweating
• cold, moist skin, chills
• dizziness or fainting
• a weak and rapid pulse
• muscle cramps
• fast, shallow breathing
• nausea, vomiting or both
If you experience these symptoms, move to a cooler place, stop exercising and cool down by dousing yourself with cold water and rehydrating. You may need to seek medical attention.
Symptoms of heat stroke:
• warm, dry skin with no sweating
• strong and rapid pulse
• confusion and/or unconsciousness
• high fever
• throbbing headaches
• nausea, vomiting or both
If you experience these symptoms, seek medical attention right away.
Visit www.healthyforgood.heart.org for more tips on staying active and healthy.
Jessica DiMeo is the senior regional director of communications for the American Heart Association.