Endometriosis: Facts For Every Woman

Do you, your daughter, other female family member or friend miss work, school, sports practice or social events every month due to painful or heavy periods? If the answer is yes, the cause may be endometriosis. Endometriosis is a common condition that affects approximately 1 in 10 women and female teens. Although not everyone experiences symptoms, the most common are dysmenorrhea (menstrual cramps), pelvic pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, pain during bowel movements and infertility.

Although endometriosis is common, it’s also widely misunderstood and often misdiagnosed. Education is important to increasing awareness. Katz Institute for Women’s Health at Northwell Health recently joined Dr. Christine Metz, investigator at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and professor at the Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, for a Q&A session on the topic of endometriosis. Metz shared some valuable information and insights.

What Is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is characterized by the growth of endometrial tissue or lesions outside of the uterus. These lesions can grow on the lining of the pelvis, internal organs (e.g. the outside of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and rectum). In some women, lesions can grow on more distant areas of the body, including the diaphragm, lungs, kidneys and brain.

What Causes Endometriosis?

The cause of endometriosis is not completely understood. However, many researchers believe that it arises after abnormal menstrual flow where menstrual blood is carried through the fallopian tubes into the pelvic cavity instead of exiting through the vagina. Like the endometrium, which sheds monthly, endometriosis lesions bleed in response to monthly hormone fluctuations. Other factors that may influence endometriosis are genetics and environmental and immune system factors.

How Is Endometriosis Diagnosed?

One of the most frustrating problems for patients with endometriosis is delayed diagnosis, which can take up to 10 years. The diagnosis of endometriosis requires laparoscopic surgery with pathology confirmation of the biopsy specimens. Early diagnosis by a doctor who specializes in treating endometriosis patients is important because early treatment can dramatically improve patient outcomes.

Do Pain And Other Symptoms Correlate With The Severity Of Endometriosis?

No. Pain and other symptoms do not always correlate with the severity of the disease.

What Are The Treatments For Endometriosis?

While there is no cure for endometriosis, treatments include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drugs and other pain relievers, hormonal contraceptives (e.g. birth control pills or vaginal rings), other hormonal agents (e.g. gonadotropin-releasing hormone {GnRH} agonists and antagonists, androgenic agents, progestins and Danazol) and surgery to remove the lesions or the uterus (in severe cases only).

What Can Women Do?

Researchers at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research at Northwell Health are looking for women with and without endometriosis to participate in the ROSE (Research OutSmarts Endometriosis) research study. Call the Katz Institute for Women’s Health at 516-562-3636 for more information.

—Submitted by Katz Institute for Women’s Health

Anton Media Staff
In addition to its arts and entertainment publication Long Island Weekly, Anton Media Group publishes 16 community newspapers, several magazines, specialty publications and websites. With brands dating back to 1877, Anton has a commitment to deliver trusted and relevant content to the communities it serves.

Leave a Reply

Discover

Sponsor

Latest

How Nassau County Executive Bruce Blakeman Can Deliver Transportation Improvement Projects And Programs

Nassau County Executive Bruce Blakeman’s voting member on the MTA Board is David Mack. Any changes to the MTA $51 billion 2020-24 Five Year...

Charity Fashion Show To Benefit Navy SEAL Foundation

‘Dressed to Kilt,’ the most prestigious and exciting Scottish fashion event in the world, will be coming to the Town of Oyster Bay this...

Def Leppard Perseveres With A Touch Of Glam On Twelfth Studio Outing

The pandemic may have caused an existential pause button to be pressed, but for Def Leppard, it meant a creative rejuvenation that yielded Diamond...

Phil Collen Of Def Leppard’s Fave Glam Acts

Seeing Ritchie Blackmore and Deep Purple may have cast the die for 14-year-old Phil Collen in terms of getting sucked into the world of...

Senate Passes Landmark Burn Pits Legislation

Today, U.S. Senator Kirsten Gillibrand issued the following statement on Senate passage of the PACT Act: “Our service members and their families give everything for...

Get Updates Via Email

Enter your email to be updated with all the latest news and special announcements.

x